Übersetzung im Kontext von „das Backquote-Zeichen (oder Accent grave“ in Deutsch-Englisch von Reverso Context: In D kommt das Backquote-Zeichen ( oder. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für backquote im Online-Wörterbuch attrezzaturenegozi.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung im Kontext von „das Backquote-Zeichen (oder Accent grave“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context.
Using quotes to include spaces and characters in filenames If you want to work with files with spaces or special characters in the filename, you may have to use quotes.
For instance, if you wanted to create a file with a space in the name, you could use the following: Quoting changes that, and the above example only has two arguments.
You can also use a backslash before the character. The example below will rename a file with a space in the name, changing the space to an underscore: Other characters are very dangerous to use in a filename.
In particular, using "? If you want to delete the file "a? Quotes within Quotes While having two types of quotes three if you count the backslash might seem confusing, in reality it provides you with several ways to solve the same problems.
You can put either quotes inside the other. If you want to quote single quotes, use double quotes around it. To quote double quotes, use single quotes.
In other cases, a backslash will do the wrong thing. How can you find out if you are quoting things correctly? An easy way to check quotes is to add an "echo" before the command so you can see what is happening, or change an "ls" command into an "echo" command: You need to nest the quotes: In this case, just ask the shell to show you want is going on.
The verbose and echo variables in the C shell The C shell has two variables that, when set, will help you follow the convoluted trail of variable and meta-character expansion.
The command set verbose will echo every line of your script before the variables have been evaluated. The command set echo will display each line after the variables and meta-characters have been substituted.
If you wish to turn the variables off, use unset instead of set A convenient way to turn these variables on the first line of the script using the the "-x" option echo!
The "-f" option can skip this file. You can combine all three options if you like: This turns on tracing before the. If this is a script that you do not have the permissions to modify, you can set these variables from the command line: To turn on the verbose flag, use set -v to turn on the echo variable, use: Many expect the following to work: I bet many of you programmers are confused by this.
All of us are very familiar with strings in programming languages like C. This is why we get confused. The quotes turn substitution on and off.
They are not used to indicate the starting and ending of a string. Consider the following set of quotes: The first and last are quoted, and the middle is not.
After quoting and substitution occurs, the three units are combined. The middle can be a variable, for instance: Here is a simple shell script that demonstrates this.
Please study this, as it is important: In this example, the shell breaks up the argument to awk into three pieces: You must understand this when you want to have quotes within quotes.
Let me rephrase that. If you want to include a single quote in an argument that starts with a single quote, you must turn off the mechanism started by the single quote, and use a different quoting method.
Remember, the backslash is the strongest of all quoting mechanisms. You can quote anything with the backslash. This example quotes all three quote characters: Here it is again without the extra spaces: This also works with double quotes: Quoting long lines Most Unix programs also use the backslash to escape a special characters.
It is common for a Unix utility to interpret a backslash on the end of a line as a line continuation character--that is, the end of line character is quoted or escaped so the standard meaning is prevented.
The Bourne shell and C shell behave differently when you are quoting lines that continue beyond the end of line marker.
The C shell will not extend a quote beyond the line unless the last character is a backslash: You can argue among yourselves which behavior is correct.
This can be confusing for new Unix users. I find the Bourne shell easier to use when I write multi-line quotes which are awk scripts: This is a common method of passing shell variables into the middle of an awk script.
There are called Here is documents. There are also used to create files in a shell script. Here is a way to transfer a file using ftp from a shell script: In modern practice, it replaces an acute accent in the last syllable of a word when that word is followed immediately by another word.
The grave and circumflex have been replaced with an acute accent in the modern monotonic orthography. This was calqued loan-translated into Latin as gravis , which then became the English word grave.
The grave accent marks the stressed vowels of words in Maltese , Catalan , and Italian. A general rule in Italian is that words that end with stressed -a , -i or -u must be marked with a grave accent.
Words that end with stressed -e or -o may bear either an acute accent or a grave accent, depending on whether the final e or o sound is closed or open , respectively.
Typists who use a keyboard without accented characters and are unfamiliar with input methods for typing accented letters sometimes use a separate grave accent or even an apostrophe instead of the proper accent character.
This is nonstandard but is especially common when typing capital letters: Other mistakes arise from the misunderstanding of truncated and elided words: In Bulgarian , the grave accent sometimes appears on the vowels а , о , у , е , и , and ъ to mark stress.
It most commonly appears in books for children or foreigners, and dictionaries—or to distinguish between near- homophones: In Macedonian the stress mark is orthographically required to distinguish homographs see Disambiguation and is put mostly on the vowels е and и.
Then, it forces the stress on the accented word-syllable instead of having a different syllable in the stress group getting accented.
In turn, it changes the pronunciation and the whole meaning of the group. Ukrainian , Rusyn , Belarusian , and Russian used a similar system until the first half of the 20th century.
Now the main stress is preferably marked with an acute, and the role of the grave is limited to marking secondary stress in compound words in dictionaries and linguistic literature.
In Serbo-Croatian and in Slovene , the stressed syllable can be short or long and have a rising or falling tone. They use in dictionaries, orthography, and grammar books, for example four different stress marks grave, acute, double grave, and inverted breve.
The system is identical both in Latin and Cyrillic scripts. In modern Church Slavonic , there are three stress marks acute, grave, and circumflex , which formerly represented different types of pitch accent.
There is no longer any phonetic distinction between them, only an orthographical one. The grave is typically used when the stressed vowel is the last letter of a multiletter word.
The grave accent marks the height or openness of the vowels e and o , indicating that they are pronounced open: In several languages, the grave accent distinguishes both homophones and words that otherwise would be homographs:.
In Welsh , the accent denotes a short vowel sound in a word that would otherwise be pronounced with a long vowel sound: The use of acute accents to denote the rarer close long vowels, leaving the grave accents for the open long ones, is seen in older texts , but it is no longer allowed according to the new orthographical conventions.
In some tonal languages such as Vietnamese , and Mandarin Chinese when it is written in Hanyu Pinyin or Zhuyin Fuhao , the grave accent indicates a falling tone.
The alternative to the grave accent in Mandarin is the numeral 4 after the syllable: In African languages , the grave accent often indicates a low tone: In Emilian-Romagnol , a grave accent placed over e or o denotes both length and openness.